The 4 C’s: Cut, Color, Clarity, Carat
To discern the value and quality of diamonds, jewelers have to verify each of the 4Cs. All of these qualities are combined to determine the value of all diamonds. Each diamond has a unique combination oft the 4 C’s varying in quality.
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The Cut of a diamond refers to the symmetry and the proportions of the diamond. The cut gives the diamond its sparkle and shape.
Diamonds vary in Color from colorless to slight tones of yellow or brown. D-J are most desirable. The whiter the diamond is, the more value it has. Fancy color diamonds include pink, blue, red, green, and canary yellow.
The following scale shows the GIA diamond color rating system.
The Clarity of the diamonds determines how captivating its gleam is. Diamonds have small imperfections like feathers and clouds which are called inclusions and these factors might affect the clarity and brightness of the diamonds.
The following scale shows the GIA clarity rating system which ranges from FL to I-3:
All diamonds are measured in Carats (1 carat = 0.2 gram). Large diamonds are hard to find but a diamond of a smaller size are more likely to have a higher clarity and color.